|Figure 1 - Animal Cranium with Painted Decoration|
|Figure 2 - Material from a Pan Grave Burial|
|Figure 3 - Material from a Pan Grave Burial|
Figure 1 shows an animal cranium decorated with red and black bands. The red bands have white dots painted on them. The animal cranium in Figure 3 is decorated with different colored dots. All three of the burials shown here are now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
It is thought that these Pan-Grave People were the Medjay who served in the Egyptian army as mercenaries against the Hyksos and even against the Nubians. The Egyptians made a clear distinction between the Medjay, who were loyal to Egypt, and the "Nhsy" who were Nubian enemies of Egypt (van Seters, John. The Hyksos: a new Investigation, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1966, pp. 105 - 107).
Photos Copyright (c) 2013 by John Freed